Water (Nước) là một nhánh nhỏ trong trong cụm chủ đề về Môi trường - Environment. Chủ đề Water xuất hiện khá nhiều trong các đề thi IELTS Writing gần đây bởi nó bao quát nhiều vấn đề và dễ dàng khai thác hơn. Cùng điểm qua một số nội dung chính của chủ đề này nhé:
Tầm quan trọng của nước sạch;
Quan điểm về việc cung cấp nước miễn phí;
Quan điểm về nước đóng chai;
Nguồn cung cấp nước.
Importance of Clean Water
Water is as necessary natural resource;
Humans need access to clean, safe drinking water in order to live;
Poor water quality is a major cause of disease and death in some countries;
Water usually needs to be treated before we can drink it;
Developing countries often lack the means to treat and supply water to citizens;
Developed countries tend to have much better sanitation;
Citizens have access to clean tap water;
Drinking water is not contaminated by sewage or wasted water;
The supply of clean water would improve public health in many developing countries.
Urban life would be impossible without water supply systems;
These systems are massive engineering projects;
Many professionals are involved in their planning, construction and maintenance;
The supply and distribution of water are major concerns;
Water is becoming scarce in some countries;
Areas that suffer droughts often need to import water;
As populations grow, there is more pressure on water supplies;
This could lead to a water crisis.
Water and Politics
The supply of water is also an important political issue;
Huge amounts of water are needed for agriculture and industry;
The irrigation of crops accounts for a large proportions of water use;
A water crisis could lead to political conflicts or even wars.
Argument: Water should be Free
Some people believe that water should be free for everyone;
Governments should supply water to all homes at no cost;
Private companies should not be allowed to profit from this natural resource;
Money from taxes can be used to pay for water supply systems.
Argument: Water should not be Free
If water is free, people take it for granted;
They do not think about how much water they waste;
They leave taps running while washing or brushing their teeth;
If we have to pay for water, we will use it more responsibly;
Water supply systems are extremely expensive;
Investment is needed to maintain and improve them;
Private companies may provide a better service than governments;
If they provide an efficient service, they will make more money;
They will repair leaks to avoid losing money.
Bottled Water: Opinions
Some people carry bottles of water wherever they go;
For example, they take bottles of water to work or to the gym;
They believe that bottled water is healthier than tap water;
They also argue that it tastes better;
However, other people believe that we should consume less bottled water;
Plastic water bottles add to litter and waste problems;
Companies should not be able to make a profit from water;
It is unethical to make money by selling packaged water;
There is no difference in quality between bottled and tap water.
"Water is a natural resource that should always be free. Governments should ban the sale of bottled water. To what extent do you agree or disagree?"
Water is the available resource in nature and the vital energy for people’s health. So, I believe that no companies are permitted to make and earn a profit from water which just poured into bottles and government must have laws to prohibit the sale of bottled water.
People hold notions that water doesn't belong to companies which produce bottled water with economic purposes. It means that everyone has rights to own and consume the clean tap water in free or with negligible amounts. However, in modern society, bottled water which is made and sold by many companies is becoming a common sight and people have to pay for using these products. Thus, authorities need to manage the exploitation of water sources and provide drinking water supply with high standards for every household. By doing this, people can drink fresh water freely and be ensured their benefits in using natural resources in a long-term.
Besides, banning the commercial production of bottled water is the essential action which governments need to give decision to prevent the environmental damage. To name a few, most of people do not reuse the plastic bottles because of healthy reasons and throw them in inappropriate places. As a result, these solid wastes lead to the huge rubbish with non-biodegrade property of plastic material in every part of the world. Hence, to protect our environment, governments should give clear policies to restrict using of water in plastic bottles and encourage the alternation of other materials which are more environmentally friendly.
In conclusion, water is the indispensable resource which people always need to save and remain the life. So, governments must be highly responsible for keeping and supplying fresh water freely for all civilians.
"Water resources around the world are falling deficient. Analyse the possible reasons and provide your suggestions."
Nowadays, the lack of water resources is on an alarming level when people are suffering from the consequences of uncontrollable water consumption. With the change of global climate, fresh water is becoming increasingly scarce. This is a this is a challenge to the future of people's lives.
Not surprisingly, the acute fresh water shortage derives from the result of human behaviors. To name a few, people have constructed a lot of hydroelectric power plants and built many dams which caused the loss of water circulation in rivers. Moreover, toxic waste is being discharged carelessly on water streams, lakes or the sea which makes water resource polluted. Besides, natural phenomenons, such as volcanic eruptions, severe droughts are the other elements contributing to the water crisis. It means that there are more and more areas where suffer the bad water condition or have less the amount of rainfall in times of drought. As a consequence, water supplies for human activities are threatened seriously .
To address these problems effectively, some practical measures should be taken into accounts to prevent water scarcity. Government should pass laws to punish those who harm the water environment. A part from this, the related factories and companies must be prohibited for discharging untreated and wasted water into natural habitat. Furthermore, individuals should also take responsibility for protecting environment. By doing this, they really have discerning interventions to keep the precious water resources safe from risks. Last but not least, people should encourage the eco-friendly lifestyle and enhance saving drinkable water.
In conclusion, fresh water resources is being destroyed by variety of human activities that both government and individuals should be responsible for the consequences. Obviously, people will largely mitigate water crisis with the outlined solutions.
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