Đè thi IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 15/07/2017

Đề bài: The animal species are becoming extinct due to human activities on land and in sea. What are the reasons and solutions?

Outline

Đoạn 1: Causes

Idea 1: Human population increases -> need more place to live -> deforestation -> Animals have no way to live and no place to give birth -> put them on the brink of extinction.

Idea 2: Toxic sewage and untreated garbage is discharged from industrial operations into the sea -> water contamination is inevitable -> damage the marine ecosystem -> Example: Formosa – a steel producing company – released liquid waste into the sea in the center of Vietnam last year, killing thousands of tonnes of fishes.

Đoạn 2: Solutions

Idea 1: Introducing new laws to punish people -> heavy fine or prison sentence is applied -> deter people from devastating behaviours -> save many animals.

Idea 2: Invest more money in upgrading treatment system -> clean waste before discharging into water -> example: purify household waste before pumping them into the sea.

Bài mẫu IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 15/07/2017

It is believed that the extinction of several rare animals and marine creatures is attributed to activities of human. This issue is mainly the consequence of deforestation and industrialization, which can be addressed by several resolution actions.

There are many reasons why the increase in endangered animals number is to blame for human activities. On land, the deforestation is on the rise to make room for more living space, which is largely the consequence of the increasing population. Therefore, many animals whose habitat is forest are put on the brink of extinction due to habitat destruction. With marine ecosystem, toxic sewage is discharged directly from manufacturing plants or households into the sea, so water degradation is inevitable. For example, Formosa – a steel producing company – released liquid waste into the sea in the center of Vietnam in the past, leading to massive deaths of fishes.

Some effective measures need to be taken to increase animal preservation. Firstly, government can implement more severe punishments for any harmful activities to forests, which is home for many animals on land. If heavy fine or even prison sentence is applied for devastating behaviors such as deforesting, the life of many endangered animals will be conserved. Secondly, they should invest more money in upgrading pollution treatment system to clean sewage before dumping it into rivers or oceans. For example, Singapore, a very clean country, use their system to purify household sewage to eradicate oil or poisons which may contaminate a part of ocean by a cutting-edge machine before being discharged to protect marine ecosystem.

In conclusion, the danger of wildlife on land or in sea stems from irresponsible activities of people, and several measures need to be done to mitigate its adverse effects.

Nguồn: DOL English

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