Đề bài: Some people believe that the range of technology available to individuals is increasing the gap between the rich people and the poor people. Others think this has an opposite effect. Discuss both view and give your own opinion.
SAMPLE IELTS Writing Task 2 ngày 19/05/2018
Humans, in the past few decades, have seen terrific technology development. This leads to a debate on whether the available technology widens or reduces the gap between the affluence and the lower social class. This essay will discuss both views and I agree that technology developments help decrease the gaps between social classes.
The range of technological inventions and discoveries lessens the difference in living standards between the rich and the poor because it gives people of the lower class easier access to goods that used to be considered exclusive for the upper class. The wider the range of technology developments, the cheaper the price. For example, ten years ago, smartphones were considered a luxury good while in recent days, anyone can easily afford one when there are so many brands and models to choose from. Not only does this reduces the material gap but also changes the people’s mindset by enhancing the lower class’ self-esteem and diminishing the rich’s disrespect to the poor.
There are, however, other people who believe the availability of technology to individuals increases different social classes’ gap. They argue that the advancement of technology gives birth to expensive developments that the poor cannot afford such as new medical treatments and medicines, especially for genetic disorders. I disagree because initially discovered treatments may be costly but the latter continuous technology growth makes it easier for the less affluent to approach. For instance, Novo Nordisk pharmaceutical firm was successful in developing medicines in treating haemophilia – a rare and once extremely expensive genetic disorder, making them available for many patients worldwide.
In conclusion, while the debate about the effects of technology on the social classes’ gap is unremitting, I firmly believe that the range of available technology innovations helps to decrease the gap between the rich and the poor.