Opinion: Drivers should pay.
Đoạn 1: Reasons why governments should pay for the cost.
Ý 1: Investment in infrastructure is the governments’ liability → transport is one basic need of individuals -> they should pay for road construction and upgradation.
Ý 2: Cars’ users have to pay taxes once when buying cars -> unfair if they have to pay it one more time.
Đoạn 2: Reasons why users should pay for the cost.
Ý 1: Wider and more roads directly serve people’s life -> It is understandable that commuters should bear the cost of construction via toll charge.
Ý 2: Users’ responsibility for paying for road systems discourages their desire for driving -> leads to the reduction in the emission of exhausted fumes from private vehicles -> example.
The increasing density of cars puts pressure on the improvement of road system. While some people think that paying for the construction of roads is the government’s responsibility, I would argue that car users should be charged for this cost.
On the one hand, some reasons can explain why government need to pay for the construction and maintenance of roads. Firstly, government’s most crucial priority is to response to the benefits of citizens and increase the living standard. They need to raise the convenience and safety of commuting by paying for road construction and upgradation, for transportation is one of the basic needs of each individual. Secondly, car buyers have to pay an exorbitant tax on road usage when purchasing a car. It may be unfair if they are, once more time, forced to pay for infrastructure investment.
On the other hand, car commuters should cover this cost because of their overuse of roads. Walking and bicycling inflict virtually no damage on road, and take up only a tiny fraction of the road space. For this reason, the erection and expansion of roads mostly facilitate drivers so that they can travel smoothly and increase their safety; therefore, there are no persuasive reasons to deny their duty to cover this cost. Furthermore, users’ responsibility for paying for road systems discourages their desire for driving, which will help to reduce traffic congestion and also pollution. For example, the USA has used toll road as a way to recoup the cost of road construction, and this method also helps this country improve air quality by limiting extra emissions from private vehicles.
In conclusion, although spending on road construction and maintenance belongs to government seems to be persuasive to some extent, it should be drivers’ duty in order to pay for their road use.
Nguồn: DOL English