Hướng dẫn làm chủ đề Family IELTS Writing Task 2

Các vấn đề thường gặp trong gia đình như khoảng cách thế hệ, mẫu thuẫn giữa vợ chồng, bạo lực gia đình, giáo dục con cái,… đã đang được đưa nhiều hơn vào đề thi IELTS Writing Task 2. Cùng DOL tìm hiểu chi tiết về chủ đề Family qua bài viết dưới đây nhé.

A. Tổng quan chủ đề Family trong IElTS Writing task 2

Chủ đề Family là một chủ đề cực kỳ quen thuộc với tất cả mọi người, từ bài viết Tiếng Việt đến những bài viết Tiếng Anh bình thường bởi sự gần gũi và đơn giản. Những đề bài thường gặp như:

  • Vấn đề liên quan đến độ lớn của một gia đình (Nhiều hay ít thành viên);

  • Ảnh hưởng của ba mẹ lên con trẻ (nghề nghiệp, tình trạng hôn nhân,…);

  • Quan điểm về chăm sóc cho người lớn tuổi.


Vấn đề cho những dạng đề quen thuộc này chính là những điểm nhấn, đặc biệt là cách sử dụng từ vựng và những thứ mới mẻ sẽ là điểm quyết định band điểm cho bạn có cao hơn hay không. Vì thế mà đừng xem thường những đề tài tưởng chừng đơn giản nhưng rất khó ăn điểm này nhé, phải thường đọc bài để có thêm kiến thức thì mới có thể lấy điểm một cách trơn tru.

Bạn có thể xem thêm bài viết: Tổng quan 24 Chủ đề thường gặp trong IELTS Writing Task 2

B. Những vấn đề mà chủ đề Family thường tập trung vào

  • Parenting skills – Kỹ năng của ba mẹ;

  • Family’s tradition – Truyền thống gia đình;

  • Relationships in family with social development – Mối quan hệ trong gia đình cùng với sự phát triển xã hội.

Tập trung phân tích vào những vấn đề:

  • Changing in family when everyone is busy with their job – Những biến chuyển trong gia đình khi tất cả mọi người đều bận công việc riêng;

  • Effect of outside relationship on family – Ảnh hưởng của mối quan hệ bên ngoài đến gia đình;

  • Development of technology influence relationship in family – Sự phát triển công nghệ ảnh hưởng đến mối quan hệ trong gia đình.

Luận điểm cho chủ đề Family khi khai thác các vấn đề

Luận điểm chính cho chủ đề Family chủ yếu là những yếu tố trong xã hội hiện đại như công việc, công nghệ hay các mối quan hệ,… sẽ mang lại những ảnh hưởng thế nào đến các mối quan hệ giữa các thành viên trong gia đình.

  • Having no time to talk their day’s events or plans – Không có thời gian để trò chuyện và tâm sự về cuộc sống riêng của mỗi người;

  • Less meal with full members – Càng ít bữa ăn gia đình có mặt đầy đủ tất cả thành viên;

  • Make mealtime more than just a time to eat – Bữa ăn gia đình dần trở thành thời gian để ăn, mà không có cuộc trò chuyện.

Có thể kết hợp cùng với những ý tưởng về “Economy with Family”, “Technology with Family”,… để không cạn kiệt về ý tưởng, bạn nhé!

C. Một số đề và bài mẫu về chủ đề Family

Sample 1:

“In recent years, the family structure has changed, as well as family roles. What types of changes are occurring? Do you think these changes are positive and negative?”

It is clear the picture of what a family looks like has transformed over the past few decades and families are now generally more fragmented. Some would say that couples parting ways is understandable as they are just not meant to be together, however others feel this could adversely affect a strong family bond.

Indeed, we should not only consider one country when looking at the family dynamic. In some cases a couple may not have a choice as to exactly how many children they wish to have. For example, in times of overpopulation in China, the government has stipulated that parents must only produce one child. Furthermore, in western society, many social issues possibly stemming from inadequate education, poverty and drug and/or alcohol abuse, have resulted in the breakdown of the family unit. Therefore, today, single parents must fend for themselves to look after loved ones, without the moral or financial support from a partner who may have no involvement or simply does not care.

The question arises as to whether a different outlook for families poses threats or benefits. It is likely that Chinese people feel aggrieved when they cannot plan their family just how they want it. Nevertheless, from their government’s standpoint it is clear that balancing the economy is a chief concern to ensure there is not an undersupply of jobs. Also, while single parents may find looking after their children a challenge, it could be argued that it will make them stronger and more independent. Consequently, these traits might brush off on their offspring.

In summary, it is clear that broken families are likely due to various (mostly) uncontrollable governmental and social factors. That said, I personally believe that a weakened family unit could lead to wider issues to the detriment of society.

Sample 2:

“These days more fathers stay at home and take care of their children while mothers go out to work. What could be the reasons for this? Do you think it is a positive or a negative development?”

It is true that men are increasingly likely to take on the role of househusband, while more women than ever are the breadwinners in their families. There could be several reasons for this, and I consider it to be a very positive trend.

In recent years, parents have had to adapt to various changes in our societies. Equal rights movements have made great progress, and it has become normal for women to gain qualifications and pursue a career. It has also become socially acceptable for men to stay at home and look after their children. At the same time, the rising cost of living has meant that both marriage partners usually need to work and save money before starting a family. Therefore, when couples have children, they may decide who works and who stays at home depending on the personal preference of each partner, or based on which partner earns the most money.

In my view, the changes described above should be seen as progress. We should be happy to live in a society in which men and women have equal opportunities, and in which women are not put under pressure to sacrifice their careers. Equally, it seems only fair that men should be free to leave their jobs in order to assume childcare responsibilities if this is what they wish to do. Couples should be left to make their own decisions about which parental role each partner takes, according to their particular circumstances and needs.

In conclusion, the changing roles of men and women in the family are a result of wider changes in society, and I believe that these developments are desirable.

Sample 3:

“Nowadays, families are not as close as in the past and a lot of people have become used to this. Why is this happening? Do the advantages of this trend outweigh the drawbacks?”

There has been a trend over recent decades for families to become less close than they were in the past and this situation is largely accepted in society. This essay will discuss the reasons for this and examine the benefits and drawbacks of this development.

One of the first reasons for a decline in the closeness of families is connected to the busy lifestyles that we now lead. Most people are having to work longer hours and often both parents work, so they simply do not have as much time to spend with each other as they did in the past. Another factor is the materialistic and consumer driven culture we now live in, which has led to less value being placed on family relationships. Modern technology also means that people are more interested in their online life than interacting with their family in their free time.

It could be argued that this has benefits. If people are not so close with their family, they are free to pursue their own dreams and aspirations, and to focus on improving their own lifestyle. However, I believe that there are far more negative outcomes. The most important factors leading to a fulfilled and happy life are emotional security and comfort. Without these we are in danger of feeling lost. It is a difficult world we live in and we need the support of people close to us to cope with modern life. We are seeing a rise in mental health problems in many countries and this may well be a factor in this.

To conclude, busy modern lifestyles, changing cultural values and modern technology are causing families to become less close. We should try to halt this trend as it has more negative than positive outcomes.

Một số đề khác:

  • “In some parts of the world it is increasingly popular to research the history of one’s own family. Why do people want to do this? Is it a positive or negative development?”

  • “Some people believe that children should be allowed to stay at home and play until they are six or seven years old. Others believe that it is important for young children to go to school as soon as possible. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.”

  • “Some people think that mothers should spend most of their time raising their children, and therefore the government should support them financially. Do you agree or disagree?”

Lúc nào cũng vậy, làm cho bài viết của mình khác biệt không phải bằng một ý tưởng hoàn toàn mới mà có thể là một ý tưởng được làm mới bởi cách viết và cách nhìn nhận, nên đối với những chủ đề càng đơn giản và ít ý tưởng mới thì bạn càng phải suy nghĩ cẩn thận về lối viết cũng như khai thác điểm mới, khác biệt từ những “yếu tố nhỏ” trong “ý tưởng cũ”. Mong rằng những điều trên sẽ hữu ích cho bạn, chúc bạn thành công.